SPECIAL SESSION #27
How do we measure scientific reliability? Semantic approaches and software solutions for 3D virtual reconstruction in archaeology
In recent years Cultural Heritage has benefited from the undisputed development of Digital Technologies, both for analysis and enhancement purposes. This scenario, especially in the field of archaeological research, has allowed the consequent development of new instruments, digital tools and approaches in the theoretical and operational framework of 3D survey and virtual reconstruction.
Within this panorama, virtual reconstructions are often identified as “artistic” or “aesthetic” endeavours, rather than scientific products. In most cases, this tendency is because reconstructive sources as well as how they have been used within the scientific process are not declared.
Accuracy, transparency, and reliability are key concepts in virtual reconstruction, especially the ones realized for scientific purposes, so it is necessary to combine quantitative and qualitative approaches.
In order to discuss methods and solutions to scientifically annotate sources (direct and indirect) and analytical processes for the virtual reconstruction of archaeological sites, within a “metrological approach”, this session focuses on the semantic enrichment of 3D models, representing scientific hypotheses and their transformation during the time, as a reference tool to create a common framework for the community.
This perspective implies quantitative analysis of the sources involved within a reconstructive process, data reliability, data comparison of different documents with varying degrees of metrical accuracy, use of measurable criteria along the processes of analysis, data interpretation, and dissemination of virtual reconstructions with related information.
Main topics include, but are not limited to:
- solutions for creating, exploring, measuring and sharing scientific 3D reconstructions in archaeology;
- inter-disciplinary approaches for the documentation of archaeological contexts;
- representation of reliability for virtual reconstruction;
- semantic methods for mapping, representing and sharing 3D reconstructions and linked information (i.e.: Extended Matrix language or similar);
- implementation/improvement of reconstructive pipelines;
- Data FAIRification and Open Source solutions applied to virtual reconstruction processes.